Bài tập thì tương lai đơn và tương lai gần (Có đáp án) | Daohongdonvenus.com

Thì tương lai đơn và tương lai gần là hai trong số các thì cơ bản của Tiếng Anh nhưng khi sử dụng ít người phân biệt được hai loại thì này bởi chúng có các dấu hiệu tương đối giống nhau.

Sau đây, Download.vn mời bạn tham khảo tài liệu Bài tập thì tương lai đơn và tương lai gần tiếng Anh. Hy vọng với tài liệu này các bạn có thêm nhiều tư liệu tham khảo, củng cố kiến thức của hai thì này để biết cách phân biệt, sử dụng đúng trong các ngữ cảnh khác nhau. Chúc các bạn học tập tốt.

Lý thuyết thì tương lai đơn và tương lai gần

Thì tương lai đơn Thì tương lai gần

Cấu trúc

(+) S + will + V(nguyên thể)

– She will buy a new mobile phone. (Cô ấy sẽ mua một chiếc điện thoại mới.)

(+) S + is/am/ are + going to + V(nguyên thể)

– They are going to build a new house this year.

(Họ sẽ xây một ngôi nhà mới trong năm nay.)

(-) S + will + not+ V(nguyên thể)

– He won’t come back tomorrow.

(Anh ấy sẽ không quay trở lại vào ngày mai.)

(-) S + is/am/are + not + going to + V (nguyên thể)

– She isn’t going to meet her friend’s parents tomorrow.

(Cô ấy sẽ không gặp bố mẹ của bạn cô ấy vào ngày mai.)

(?) Will + S + V(nguyên thể)?

Trả lời:

Yes, S + will.

No, S + won’t.

Will you bring me something to drink? (Bạn sẽ mang cho tớ cái gì đó để uống chứ?)

Yes, I will/ No, I won’t

(?) Is/Am/ Are + S + going to + V(nguyên thể)?

Trả lời:

Yes, S + is/ am/ are.

No, S + isn’t/ am not/ aren’t.

Are you going to sell your apartment? (Bạn sắp bán căn hộ của bạn à?)

Yes, I am./ No, I’m not

Cách sử dụng

1. Dùng để diễn tả một quyết định, ý định nảy ra tức thời ngay tại thời điểm nói

– Ok. I will go with you tomorrow.

(Được rồi. Ngày mai tôi sẽ đi với bạn.)

– A: Can you repair the bike for me?

– B: Yes, but I’m busy now. I’ll repair it this afternoon.

( Bố sửa cho con cai xe đap nhé?

– Được, nhưng bố đang bận, bố sẽ sửa vào chiều nay.)

1. Dùng để diễn tả một dự định đã có kế hoạch từ trước,

– I have bought my ticket because I am going to travel in HCM this weekend.

(Tôi vừa mới mua vé bởi vì tôi sẽ du lịch ở thành phố Hồ Chí Minh vào cuối tuần này.)

…… hoặc trước thời điểm nói ra.

– A: Why are you turning on the TV?

B: I’m going to watch the news.

2. Diễn tả một dự đoán mang tính chủ quan không có căn cứ

– I think it will rain soon. (Tôi nghĩ rằng trời sẽ mưa sớm thôi.)

2. Diễn tả một dự đoán có căn cứ xác định, có dẫn chứng cụ thể

– Look at the dark cloud! It is going to rain. (Hãy nhìn những đám mây đen kia kìa! Trời sắp mưa rồi.)

Dấu hiệu nhận biết

– tomorrow, next…., soon, in +time

– think, believe, suppose,…

– perhaps, probably,

– promise, hope

Ví dụ:

– I believe she will be successful one day. (Tôi tin rằng một ngày nào đó cô ấy sẽ thành công.)

– S + will + V if / when / as soon as S + V(HTD)

I will call you as soon as I arrive in London

( Toi sẽ gọi cho bạn ngay sau khi tôi đến London)

– tomorrow, next…., tonight, this…..

– Dẫn chứng cụ thể

Ví dụ:

Look at the black cloud on the sky! It is going to rain.

(Hãy nhìn những đám mây đen trên bầu trời kìa! Trời sắp mưa rồi.)

Bài tập thực hành có đáp án

Exercise 1: Điền vào chỗ trống sử dụng những từ trong bảng sau để hoàn thành bài tập.

Question: How would you think the modern technology will change the workplace in the next 100 years?

are going to feel
are likely to lead to
will have
will find
is likely to become
will develop
are predicted to work
are likely to occur
will be
will continue
are going to happen
will result

Thanks to modern technology, there have been enormous changes in the workplace over the past 100 years.

So now let us consider the changes that (1)……………… in the next 100 years. Unfortunately, I believe that not all changes (2)…………for the better. For example, more people (3)………… … from home and so they (4)………… more isolated from their colleagues. On the other hand they (5)………… greater freedom to choose their working hours.

A further possible change is that handwriting (6)…………… obsolete. We are already so used to using a keyboard that today’s children are losing the ability to spell without the aid of a word processor.

Without a doubt, even greater changes (7)…………… in technology used in the workplace. Computers (8)……………… to grow even more powerful and this (9) …………………… in an even faster pace of life than we have now. Let us hope that our employers (10)……………… way to reduce the stress on worker’s this fast pace can bring.

I also think these improvements in technology (11)……………… even more globalization than now and companies (12)………………… very strong international links.

Exercise 2: Chọn đáp án phù hợp nhất cho mỗi câu sau.

1. I completely forget about this. Give me a moment, I………..do it now.

A. will

B. am going

C. is going to

2. Tonight I……….stay at home. I have already told Jimmy to come by and enjoy the new film series with me.

A. be going to

B. will

C. Either A or B

3. I…….fly to Japan next December.

A. am going to

B. will

C. Either A or B

4. If you have any problem, don’t worry. I………help you.

A. will

B. am going to do

C. Either A or B

5. Where are you going?

A. I am going to see a friend.

B. I’ll see a friend.

C. I went to a friend.

6. That’s the phone./ I….answer it.

A. will

B. am going to

C. Either A or B

7. Look at those clouds. It….rain now.

A. will

B. is going to

C Either A or B

8. Tea or coffee?

A. I am going to have tea, please.

B. I’ll have tea, please.

C. I want to drink.

9. Thanks for your offer. But I am OK. John………help me.

A. is going to

B. will

C. Either A or B

10. The weather forecast says it…….rain tomorrow.

A. is going to

B. will

C. Either A or B

Exercise 3: Chia động từ ở các câu sau.

1. I’m afraid I……………… (not/ be) able to come tomorrow.

2. Because of the train strike, the meeting ……………… (not/ take) place at 9 o’clock.

3. A: “Go and tidy your room.”

B: “Okay. I ……………… (do) it now!”

4. If it rains, we ……………… (not/ go) to the beach.

5. In my opinion, she ……………… (not/ pass) the exam.

6. A: “I’m driving to the party, would you like a lift?”

B: “Thank you but I ……………… (take) the bus.”

7. Look at the sky! It………………(rain) very heavily!

8. The company (hold)………………a very important meeting next month.

9. According to the weather forecast, it ……………… (not/ snow) tomorrow.

10. I think I (go)…………………study abroad.

Exercise 4: Chia động từ các câu sau

1. I _______ (stay) here until he answers me.

2. She _______ (not/come) until you are ready.

3. Miss Helen _______ (help) you as soon as she finishes that letter tomorrow.

4. Our English teacher ______ (explain) that lesson to us tomorrow.

5. I love London. I_____ (probably / go) there next year.

6. I haven’t made up my mind yet. But I think I______ (find) something nice in my mum’s wardrobe.

7. Look at these big black clouds! It______ (rain).

8. What does a blonde say when she sees a banana skin lying just a few metres in front of her? – Oh dear! I_____ (slip)

9. When I retire I(go back) to Barbados to live.

10. Look out! That cup_______ (fall off).

11. I_______ ( visit )my grandmother next Sunday.

12. Mother: Can you repair Tom’s bicycle? It has a flat type.

Father: Yes, I know. He told me. I———-(repair) it tomorrow.

13. I have won $1,000. I______ (buy) a new TV.

14. I crashed the company car. My boss_____ (not be) very happy!

ĐÁP ÁN

Exercise 1

1. are likely to occur

2. will be

3. are predicted to work

4. are going to feel

5. will have

6. is likely to become

7. are going to happen

8. will continue

9. will result

10. will find

11. are likely to lead to

12. will develop

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

1. will not be

2. will not take

3. will do

4. will not go

5. will not pass

6. will take

7. is going to rain

8. is going to hold

9. is not going to snow

10. am going to

Exercise 4

1. will stay

“until” (cho đến khi) là dấu hiệu nhận biết của thì tương lai đơn

2. won’t come

3. will help

“as soon as” và “tomorrow” là dấu hiệu nhận biết của thì tương lai đơn.

4. will explain

5. Will probably go

6. Will find

7. Is going to rain

8. am going to slip

9. am going to go back

10. is going to fall off

11. am going to visit

12. am going to repair

13. am going to buy

14. isn’t going to be

Bài tập tự luyện

EX1: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc:

1. I’m afraid I _________________________ (not / be) able to come tomorrow.

2. Because of the train strike, the meeting _________________________ (not / take) place at 9 o’clock.

3.A: “Go and tidy your room.”

B: “I _________________________ (not / do) it!”

4.If it rains, we _________________________ (not / go) to the beach.

5.In my opinion, she _________________________ (not / pass) the exam.

6.A: “I’m driving to the party, would you like a lift?”

B: “Okay, I _________________________ (not / take) the bus, I’ll come with you.”

7.He _________________________ (not / buy) the car, if he can’t afford it.

8.I’ve tried everything, but he _________________________ (not / eat).

9.According to the weather forecast, it _________________________ (not / snow) tomorrow.

10.A: “I’m really hungry.”

B: “In that case we _________________________ (not / wait) for John.”

EX2:

1. I love London. I (probably / go) there next year.

2. What (wear / you) at the party tonight?

3. I haven’t made up my mind yet. But I think I (find) something nice in my mum’s wardrobe.

4. I completely forget about this. Give me a moment, I (do) it now.

5. Tonight, I (stay) home. I’ve rented a video.

6. I feel dreadful. I (be) sick.

7. If you have any problem, I (help) you.

8. The weather forecast says it (not/ rain) tomorrow

9. I promise that I (not/ come) late.

10. Look at those clouds. It (rain) now.

EX3: Hoàn thành các câu sau sử dụng dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

1. I have bought two tickets. My wife and I ________________________ (see) a movie tonight.

2. Mary thinks Peter ________________________ (get) the job.

3. A: “I _________________________(move) from my house tomorrow. I have packed everything”

B: “I _________________________ (come) and help you.”

4. If I have enough money, I _________________________ (buy) a new car.

5. I ________________________ (be) there at four o’clock, I promise.

6. The meeting _________________________ (take) place at 4 p.m.

7. If you eat all of that cake, you _________________________ (feel) sick.

8. They _________________________ (be) at home at 10 o’clock because their son is staying alone at home.

9. Perhaps she _________________________ (not / be) able to come tomorrow.

10. Because of the train delay, the meeting _____________(not / take) place at 10 o’clock.

11. If it rains, they _________________________ (not / go) to the seaside.

12. In my opinion, she _________________________ (fail) the exam.

13. He _________________________ ( sell) the car if he doesn’t have enough money to build a new house.

14. She is very tired, she _________________________ (take) a rest.

15. According to the weather forecast, it ____________________ (not / rain) this weekend.

16. If you lose your job, what ____________________ (you / do)?

17. In your opinion, ____________________ (she / be) a good teacher?

18. What time ____________________ (the sun / set) today?

19. Do you think she ____________________ ( get) the money from her boss?

20. ____________________(you/ take) the children to the cinema this weekend? I have seen some tickets on the table.

EX4:

2. The teacher hopes we (pass) ………………… our exam

3. People (not go) …………….. to Jupiter before the 22nd century.

4. He (wait) ……………….. for you when you get back tomorrow

5. I think that it (be) …………………. hot next week.

6. She looks so tired. She (be) …………….. ill.

7. A: I’m so thirsty, Dad. B: OK, I (prepare) ………………. a glass of orange juice for you.

8. I am afraid I (not/ arrive) ………………………. on time tomorrow morning.

9. (shall/ go) ……………we ……………….to the beach next Sunday?

10. What are you going to do tomorrow evening? I (go) ………………………………. to the supermarket.

Exercise V. Chọn đáp án đúng

1. I completely forget about this. Give me a moment, I………..do it now.

a. will

b. am going

c. is going to

2. Tonight, I……stay home. I’ve rented a video

a. am going to

b. will

c. a and b

3. I feel dreadful. I…………sick

a. am going to be

b. will be

c. a và b

4. If you have any problem, don’t worry. I….help you

a. will

b. am going to

c. a và b

5. Where are you going?

a. I am going to see a friend

b. I’ll see a friend

c. I went to a friend

6. That’s the phone./ I….answer it

a. will

b. am going to

c. a và b

7. Look at those clouds. It….rain now

a. will

b. is going to

c. a và b

8. Tea or coffee

a. I am going to have tea, please

b. I’ll have tea, please

c. I want to drink

9. Thanks for your offer. But I am OK. Shane………help me

a. is going to

b. will

c. a và b

10. The weatherforcast says it…….rain tomorrrow

a. is going to

b. will

c. a và b

Exercise VI. Hoàn thành các câu sau:

1. A: “There’s someone at the door.”

B: “I _________________________ (get) it.”

2. Joan thinks the Conservatives ________________________ (win) the next election.

3. A: “I’m moving house tomorrow.”

B: “I _________________________ (come) and help you.”

4. If she passes the exam, she _________________________ (be) very happy.

5. I _________________________ (be) there at four o’clock, I promise.

6. A: “I’m cold.”

B: “I _________________________ (turn) on the fire.”

7. A: “She’s late.”

B: “Don’t worry she _________________________ (come).”

8. The meeting _________________________ (take) place at 6 p.m.

9. If you eat all of that cake, you _________________________ (feel) sick.

10. They _________________________ (be) at home at 10 o’clock.

11. I’m afraid I _________________________ (not / be) able to come tomorrow.

12. Because of the train strike, the meeting _____________(not / take) place at 9 o’clock.

13. A: “Go and tidy your room.”

B: “I _________________________ (not / do) it!”

14. If it rains, we _________________________ (not / go) to the beach.

15. In my opinion, she _________________________ (not / pass) the exam.

16. A: “I’m driving to the party, would you like a lift?”

B: “Okay, I _________________________ (not / take) the bus, I’ll come with you.”

17. He _________________________ (not / buy) the car, if he can’t afford it.

18. I’ve tried everything, but he _________________________ (not / eat).

19. According to the weather forecast, it ____________________ (not / snow) tomorrow.

20. A: “I’m really hungry.”

B: “In that case we _________________________ (not / wait) for John.”

21. ____________________ (they / come) tomorrow?

22. When ____________________ (you / get) back?

23. If you lose your job, what ____________________ (you / do)?

24. In your opinion, ____________________ (she / be) a good teacher?

25. What time ____________________ (the sun / set) today?

26. ____________________ (she / get) the job, do you think?

27. ____________________ (David / be) at home this evening?

28. What ____________________ (the weather / be) like tomorrow?

29. There’s someone at the door, ____________________ (you / get) it?

30. How ____________________ (he / get) here?

Exercise VII. 

I. Supply the correct verb tenses: the simple future or the near future

1. He (have) …………………..a lot of friends soon.

2. Peter ( not come)………………………… back soon.

3. She (be) 14 on her next birthday? ………………………………

4. Who (become) a famous artist some day? ………………………….

5. We (visit) ……………Huong pagoda next week.

6. They (not have) ……………………………..………..a meeting tonight.

7. She (invite)….. some of her friends next Sunday? ………………

8. What you (do) next Sunday? ……………………………

9. “- Oh, I’ve just realized. I don’t have any money”

“ – Have you? Well, don’t worry. I (lend) ……………… you some.”

10. “- Why are you taking that big basket?” “- I (buy) ………………………

11. I love London. I (probably / go) …………………..there next year.

12. What (wear / you) ……………………at the party tonight?

13. If you don’t study hard, you (fail)………………………….. the exam

14. I completely forget about this. Give me a moment, I (do)…….. it now.

15. Tonight, I (stay)………………… home. I’ve bought a new TV.

16. If you have any problem, I (help)…………….. you.

17. The weather forcast says it (not/ rain)……………. tomorrrow

18. I promise that I (not/ come)……………….. late.

19. Look at that plane. It (land)……………………………